Concepts, Definitions, Units of Measure
Matter: Matter is defined as the material from which observable objects are composed. Matter can be in various states such as solid, liquid, gaseous, or ionized. A definition of matter includes not only the physically observable objects but also the constituent parts making up those physically observable objects such as electrons, protons, neutrons, quarks, muons, gluons, and so forth.
Energy: Energy is a state of matter which can be communicated from one part of matter to another whether that matter be solid, liquid, or gaseous and can bring about change in that other part of matter such as an increase in heat (temperature), electrical charge, chemical state or composition, or physical cohesion, for instance.
Force: A force is a push or a pull. Forces are found in such phenomena as gravity, ferromagnetism, electromagnetism or the electroweak force, the nuclear strong force, for instance. Force is measured in Newtons.
Four fundamental Interactions in Nature:
strong interaction and
weak interactions which produce forces at minuscule and subatomic distances.
Energy: Energy, in physics: the capacity for doing work. It may exist in potential, kinetic, thermal, electrical, chemical, nuclear, or other various forms. There are, moreover, heat and work—i.e., energy in the process of transfer from one body to another. Energy is stored as potential energy or is in the process of causing motion of an object as in kinetic energy.
Electricity: Electricity is a form of energy resulting from the existence of charged particles (such as electrons or protons), either statically as an accumulation of charge or dynamically as a current. The coulomb (C), is the (SI) unit of measurement of electric charge. The coulomb is the charge (Q or q) transported by one ampere (A) in one second (s). Ampere = basic unit of electric current. Second = basic unit of time.
Electric field: Electric field is a vector field surrounding a charged particle or object which exerts a force on other charges, attracting or repelling them. An electric field is measured in SI units of Newtons per coulomb (N/C), or Volts per meter (V/m). Electric fields are created by electric charges, and by time-varying magnetic fields.
Electric Field Gradient: In atomic, molecular, and solid-state physics, the electric field gradient (EFG) measures the rate of change of the electric field at an atomic nucleus generated by the electronic charge distribution and the other nuclei.
Electromagnetic energy/radiation: Electromagnetic energy is a form of energy that is reflected or emitted from objects in the form of electrical and magnetic waves that can travel through space. There are many forms of electromagnetic energy including gamma rays, x rays, ultraviolet radiation, visible light, infrared radiation, microwaves and radio waves.
Frequency: The number of complete oscillations per second of energy (such as sound or electromagnetic radiation) in the form of waves.
PEMF or pulsed electromagnetic field: The generation of an electromagnetic field in a pulsed format rather than a constant one.
Light: All electromagnetic radiations are light, some of which are visible to the human eye.
Ultra Violet Light: Shorter waves of light that are invisible to the human eye.
Photons: Minute energy packets of electromagnetic radiation whose level of energy depends on radiation frequency. There are photons at all energy levels, from high (gamma and X-rays) to low energy (infrared and radio waves). Considered among the subatomic particles, photons are bosons.
Emissions: The flow of electrical energy from an object.
Emanations: Something that is emitted from a source.
Biofield: A field or fields, not necessarily electromagnetic, that surround, permeate, interact, and effect all living bodies and extend to the planetary level. The definition of a biofield has evolved with understanding of its organizing influence over space and time, making it useful to speak in terms of the interactions that are detected, and what it influences.
Natural Science: a branch of science that deals with the physical world, e.g., physics, chemistry, geology, and biology; the branch of knowledge that deals with the study of the physical world.
Physical Sciences: the sciences concerned with the study of inanimate natural objects, including physics, chemistry, astronomy, and related subjects; that study the nature and properties of energy and nonliving matter.
Neuroscience: any or all of the sciences, such as neurochemistry and experimental psychology, which deal with the structure or function of the nervous system and brain. Medical definition of neuroscience: a branch (as neurophysiology) of science that deals with the anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, or molecular biology of nerves and nervous tissue and especially their relation to behavior and learning.
Properties of Nature:
Accumulate: to gather, amass, heap up.
Coagulate: change from liquid into a thickened mass; curdle, congeal, clot.
Cohesion: Physics: the molecular force between particles within a body or substance that acts to unite them. Cohesion describes particles that are the same and tend to stick together: water molecules, for example.
Division: separate into parts, or the process of being separated.
Fluxion: the action of flowing or changing; a function corresponding to the rate of change of a variable quantity.
Matter: material from which observable objects are made. Also considered energetic matter.
Station: stationary: standing still, a place, fixed, unchanging, not moving.
Units of Measure
What is the name of the unit for measuring energy?
One (1) Joule (J) is the MKS unit of energy, equal to the force of one (1) Newton acting through one meter. One (1) Watt is the power from a current of One (1) Ampere flowing through One (1) Volt. One (1) kilowatt-hour is the energy of 1 kilowatt power flowing for one hour.
How is electric field strength measured?
Measuring Electric Field: The SI unit of electric field strength is newtons per coulomb (N/C) or Volts per meter (V/m). The force experienced by a very small test charge (q), placed in a field (E), in a vacuum, is given by E = F/q, where (F) is the Force experienced.
What is the name of the unit for measuring force?
Force is a vector quantity that has both magnitude and direction. It is a quantity that is measured using the standard metric unit known as the Newton. A Newton is abbreviated by an "N." To say "10.0 N" means 10.0 Newton of force. One Newton is the amount of force required to give a 1-kg mass an acceleration of 1 m/s/s. Thus, the following unit equivalency can be stated: 1 Newton = 1 kg • m/s squared
How is the energy of people measured?
Quantities of energy given in one unit can always be converted to any other unit of energy. For example, 1 gram calories is equivalent to 4.186 joules, which is used to measure heat energy. Many people are familiar with kilogram calories, or K calories, which are often used to measure the energy available in food.
MKS System of Measurement: (Meter-Kilogram-Second system) A metric system of measurement that uses the meter, kilogram, gram and second for length, mass and time. The SI system of units extends the MKS system, by expressing any measurement of physical quantities using fundamental units of Length, Mass, Time, Electric Current, Thermodynamic Temperature, Amount of substance and Luminous Intensity, which are Meter, Kilogram, Second, Ampere, Kelvin, Mole and Candela respectively.